Ubuntu is a complete desktop Linux operating system, freely available with both community and professional support. The Ubuntu community is built on the ideas enshrined in the Ubuntu Manifesto: that software should be available free of charge, that software tools should be usable by people in their local language and despite any disabilities, and that people should have the freedom to customise and alter their software in whatever way they see fit. “Ubuntu” is an ancient African word, meaning “humanity to others”. The Ubuntu distribution brings the spirit of Ubuntu to the software world.
Here’s a summary of some of the key features that are currently expected.
A Simpler Installer
Ubuntu 10.10 is expected to use a new installer that makes the installation process simpler than ever. Startup options are now placed right in the installer itself, and they include just two options: Try Ubuntu and Install Ubuntu. A simplified partitioner, meanwhile, lets users choose between automatically using the whole disk and manual partitioning, while a new Wireless Network Selection page will be added as well. These features will be particularly helpful for newer Ubuntu users.
Ubuntu Software Center
In version 10.10, the Ubuntu Software Center–the tool for browsing, installing and removing software on Ubuntu–will gain “Featured” and “What’s New” choice icons on the front page, along with a “History” tab displaying recently installed software. It is also said to be faster and more responsive. Taken together, these improvements promise to make it much easier to track and find new software options.
Canonical has created an open source gesture recognition engine and defined a gesture API that provides a way for applications to respond to users’ gestures. With Ubuntu 10.10 (the Maverick Meerkat), users and developers will have an end-to-end touch-screen framework — from the kernel all the way through to applications.
For more insight, watch some short video demonstrations in MaverickMovies about Ubuntu 10.10